Sierra Leone
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currency: Leone (SLL)
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Sierra Leone profile
rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm (195 inches) a year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa
Sierra Leone history
Democracy is slowly being reestablished after the civil war from 1991 to 2002 that resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and the displacement of more than 2 million people (about a third of the population). The military, which took over full responsibility for security following the departure of UN peacekeepers at the end of 2005, is increasingly developing as a guarantor of the country's stability. The armed forces remained on the sideline during the 2007 and 2012 national elections but still look to the UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Sierra Leone (UNIPSIL) - a civilian UN mission - to support efforts to consolidate peace. The new government's priorities include furthering development, creating jobs, and stamping out endemic corruption.
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Conventional long form: Republic of Sierra Leone

Conventional short form: Sierra Leone

Local long form: Republic of Sierra Leone

Local short form: Sierra Leone
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Sierra Leone's capital city is Freetown
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Sierra Leone Constitution:

1 October 1991;

amended several times
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Sierra Leone population growth rate: 2.277%
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Sierra Leone highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m
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Sierra Leone lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
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About 8% of Sierra Leone's land is arable.
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River Rokel is the Longest River in Sierra Leone
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Sierra Leone birth rate is 38 births/1,000 population
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Sierra Leone infant mortality rate is 77 deaths/1,000 live births
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Sierra Leone fertility rate is 4.87 children born/woman
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Sierra Leone climate:

tropical;

hot, humid;

summer rainy season (May to December);

winter dry season (December to April)
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Top 10 cities of Sierra Leone with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Freetown: 853,651
2. Bo: 233,684
3. Kenema: 182,106
4. Makeni: 109,125
5. Koidu Town: 92,770
6. Lunsar: 24,450
7. Port Loko: 23,195
8. Pandebu-Tokpombu: 20,219
9. Kabala: 19,074
10. Waterloo: 18,579
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Sierra Leone ethnic groups:

Temne - 35%
Mende - 31%
Limba - 8%
Kono - 5%
Kriole - 2%
(descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio)
Mandingo - 2%
Loko - 2%
other - 15%
includes refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)
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Sierra Leone Exports:

diamonds
rutile
cocoa
coffee
fish
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Sierra Leone Imports:

foodstuffs
machinery and equipment
fuels and lubricants
chemicals
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unicameral Parliament (124 seats; 112 members elected by popular vote, 12 filled by paramount chiefs elected in separate elections; members to serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
3 provinces.
1. Eastern
2. Northern
3. Southern

and

1 area: Western
Political parties and leaders:
All People's Congress (APC) - Ernest Bai KOROMA
Peace and Liberation Party (PLP) - Darlington MORRISON
People's Movement for Democratic Change (PMDC) - Charles MARGAI
Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP) - Julius Maada BIO
numerous others